Examples of possible effects of Michigan's Proposal 2
(AP): State government programs that the Michigan Civil Rights Commission said appear to violate or could violate Proposal 2:
Some collective bargaining agreements involving the state of Michigan and its workers that grant preferential treatment, such as one involving a contract that says ``the employer may lay off and recall out-of-line seniority because of gender.''
Programs that grant money to black and Latino college students majoring in K-12 education, and King-Chavez-Parks educator development programs.
Adoption of children with special needs through programs that include a payment of subsidies. The law does not specify what exactly is meant by ``membership in a minority or sibling group'' or ``ethnic or family background.''
The Commission on Spanish Speaking Affairs, which is restricted to members who are ``Spanish-speaking and of Spanish-speaking origin.''
A provision that grants preferences to minority and women-owned businesses in procurements through the state's executive branch.
A minority student grant program for those enrolled in medical schools, nursing programs or physician's assistant programs.
Single Business Tax credits for companies that have been certified as a ``minority venture capital company.'' These companies could still get tax benefits they would qualify for without regard to minority status.
A potential pilot project that involves foster parent resource centers designed to aid children with special needs. The project could have Proposal 2 problems, but there are centers in place, so there have been no violations, the report said.
Some programs the commission says do not appear to violate Proposal 2 because they do not discriminate, provide preferential treatment, are exempted under terms of the law because of federal funding requirements or other reasons, or fall outside of the scope of public employment, contracting or education:
Chronic disease screening, referral and counseling services under the African American Male Health Initiative.
Smoking prevention programs that give priority to pregnant women, women with young children, or adolescents.
Maternal and child health grants to local health departments.
Coverage of breast and cervical cancer treatment.
Single-sex schools or classrooms, as long as equal opportunities are provided for both boys and girls.
Equal opportunity in contracting for county road projects, as long as the programs do not discriminate.
Division of Minority Business Enterprise programs that are not ``premised exclusively'' on race, sex, color, ethnicity or national origin.