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México protestará por nuevas leyes migratorias de EEUU

MEXICO (AP): El presidente Vicente Fox dijo el jueves que su gobierno presentará una protesta formal por las recientes reformas migratorias estadounidenses, que incluyen la colocación de muros en la frontera y más requisitos para otorgar licencias de conducir.

Fox no proporcionó detalles de la estrategia de México, pero funcionarios de su gobierno han planteado la posibilidad de llevar el caso ante las Naciones Unidas u otras organizaciones internacionales.

“Nos parece inútil un camino por la vía de los muros, de las bardas, del uso de la fuerza, de la violencia”, afirmó el mandatario.

Las nuevas disposiciones requieren que los estados verifiquen que las personas que soliciten una licencia de manejo estén legalmente en el país. También le dificultan a los inmigrantes obtener una amnistía, y facilitan anteponerse a las leyes ambientales para construir un muro a lo largo de la frontera de México con California.

El presidente estadounidense George W. Bush las firmó el miércoles y amenazan con afectar las relaciones entre ambos países, después de que recientemente los mandatarios hicieron un esfuerzo por mejorarlas.

Bush y Fox iniciaron sus gobiernos como amigos cercanos, pero pronto se distanciaron debido a la invasión estadounidense a Irak y al estancamiento de un acuerdo que habría permitido más migración legal a Estados Unidos. 


Arizona aprueba proyecto para trasladar prisioneros a México
Por Rico de La Prensa
419-870-6565
PHOENIX, Arizona, EE.UU. (AP), 8 de marzo 05: La Cámara de Representantes de Arizona aprobó el martes un proyecto de ley para que el estado contrate una prisión privada en México donde encerrar a los inmigrantes ilegales que ahora permanecen en este estado.

Quienes apoyan el proyecto sostienen que reducirá los altos costos estatales de mantener detenidos a entre 3.600 y 4.000 inmigrantes ilegales condenados por crímenes en prisiones de Arizona.

Los opositores, en cambio, cuestionaron que la iniciativa vaya a ahorrarle dinero al gobierno y dudaron de que el estado tenga la autoridad legal para trasladar a prisioneros extranjeros a México.

Dijeron además que probablemente las autoridades mexicanas se oponen a la prisión.

“Me pregunto qué tipo de problemas generaremos si contratamos una entidad privada para que opere en un país extranjero, alejado de nuestras leyes”, declaró el representante demócrata Tom Prezelsk, que votó en contra de la propuesta.

El presidente de la cámara, Jim Weiers, expresó que la semana pasada viajó a Hermosillo, México, junto con otros legisladores, para analizar las propuestas. Señaló que los funcionarios de esa población estaban interesados en la idea.

“No estaban enojados”, sostuvo el legislador republicano.

Con el voto 39 legisladores a favor y de 20 en contra, el proyecto es enviado ahora al Senado.

La iniciativa es una de las tantas que dan vueltas en la legislatura en un intento por enfrentar los problemas causados por la inmigración ilegal.

Arizona ha sido uno de los estados más afectados por la inmigración ilegal desde que el gobierno fortaleció los controles en El Paso, Texas, y San Diego, California, durante mediados de la década de 1990.

En la internet: Legislatura de Arizona: http://www.azleg.state.az.us 


Rice expresses hope for congressional action on immigration
By BARRY SCHWEID
AP Diplomatic Writer

WASHINGTON (AP), March 9, 05 : Preparing to visit Mexico , Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice expressed hope Wednesday that Congress would move quickly on President Bush’s proposals for overhauling immigration rules.

Bush has a plan to admit temporary workers, and he is discussing it with members of Congress, Rice said on Univision.

“We hope to be able to move it along soon,” Rice said. “But it’s a very difficult issue and we do need to make certain that it's done right.”

Arriving in México last Thursday, Rice faced a diplomatic test. Mexican politicians are accusing the Bush administration of meddling in the country’s internal affairs.

Besides immigration, Rice said she would take up security issues and the question of removing barriers to freer trade between México and the United States .

Trying to offset Mexican irritation with criticism of México in the latest State Department human rights report, Rice said the country has become a vibrant democracy. But she said even democracies are criticized in the annual report to Congress.

In Latin America , the report focused on Venezuela , Cuba , and Haiti , but it also said there were problems in the southern states of Guerrero , Chiapas , and Oaxaca .

On another front, Rice dismissed accusations by Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez that the United States was trying to kill him.

“It’s ludicrous, a completely ludicrous charge, and I would hope he knows that,” Rice said. “The only concerns that we have are that Venezuela be governed democratically.” 


FLOC and UFW open field office in Monterrey
By Rico de La Prensa  

La Prensa, March 17, 05 : Before U.S. president George W. Bush and Mexican president Vicente Fox meet in Texas on March 23 to discuss immigration issues, leaders of the U.S.’s two largest farm labor unions opened an office on March 17 in Monterrey, Nuevo León, México, to educate guestworkers about their newly won rights when they work in North Carolina agriculture under an historic labor contract with U.S. growers.

Toledo, Ohio-based Farm Labor Organizing Committee (FLOC) president Baldemar Velásquez and Arturo Rodríguez, president of the California-based United Farm Workers (UFW), will mark the opening of FLOC’s Monterrey office as the first concrete step in a ground-breaking Sept. 16, 2004 agreement between FLOC and the North Carolina Growers Association covering 7,500 Mexican guest workers who labor in that state’s fields.

It is the first time legally imported immigrant farm workers have been unionized under the U.S. government’s existing H-2A guestworker program. Under provisions of the contract, FLOC will oversee the applications of more than 7,500 Mexican farmworkers requesting visas to work in North Carolina .

The FLOC office in Monterrey will inform Mexican workers about their rights under the H-2A program and enforce their seniority and recruitment rights won through the new agreement with growers.

FLOC members will be the only H-2A guest workers entitled to file complaints through a grievance procedure that protects agricultural laborers and lets them quickly resolve their concerns. Grievances may also be filed in México during the off-season.

FLOC and the UFW are also chief proponents of the AgJobs bill in the U.S. Congress (S. 359 and H.R. 884) that would allow undocumented farm workers to earn the right to permanently stay in the U.S. by continuing to work in agriculture.

Senators Larry Craig (R-Idaho) and Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.) reintroduced the bill in the U.S. Senate on Feb. 10, 2005 . Last year’s AgJobs measure was cosponsored by 63 senators, including many Republicans.


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High court declines to review immigrant lawsuit case
BY HOPE YEN
Associated Press Writer

WASHINGTON (AP): The Supreme Court on March 7th declined to consider whether an employer can inquire about the immigration status of a group of Latino and Southeast Asian women who are suing the company for job discrimination.

Justices let stand a lower court ruling that said NIBCO Inc.’s questions during the early stages of the lawsuit were irrelevant to the issue of whether the company violated the Title VII federal law barring discrimination based on national origin.

Martha Rivera and 22 other immigrant workers, formerly employed at NIBCO’s Fresno , Calif. , plant, sued the pipe-and-valve maker for discrimination after it required them to take a skills test that was administered only in English. After performing poorly, the workers were demoted, transferred and eventually fired in 1998.

During the lawsuit's fact-finding phase, NIBCO asked the workers about their immigration status, saying the information was needed to determine their entitlement to back pay and other potential money damages. The Elkhart, Ind.-based company said it would not disclose the workers' immigration status to outside parties.

The former employees protested, citing a potential chilling effect on immigrants' willingness to assert workplace rights.

The San Francisco-based 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals agreed. In an opinion by Judge Stephen Reinhardt, the court noted that there are 5.3 million undocumented workers in the country, many of whom are reluctant to report discriminatory employment practices.

“Granting employers the right to inquire into workers’ immigration status in cases like this would allow them to raise implicitly the threat of deportation and criminal prosecution every time a worker, documented or undocumented, reports illegal practices or files a Title VII action,” Reinhardt wrote. The case is NIBCO v. Rivera, 04-936. 


MALDEF files lawsuit on behalf of migrants

TUCSON , AZ (AP), March 05: MALDEF, a civil rights group, filed a lawsuit in federal court on behalf of a group of migrants who allege they were assaulted, battered, detained, and threatened with death by members of vigilante groups operating along the Arizona-México border.

The Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund’s lawsuit charges Roger Barnett, his wife Barbara Barnett, his brother Donald Barnett and Cochise County Sheriff Larry Dever with conspiring to violate the migrants’ civil rights.

Roger Barnett has gained notoriety in recent years for detaining thousands of illegal immigrants on property that he owns or holds grazing rights to.

The plaintiffs are five women and five men who were resting at a wash in Douglas when they encountered Roger Barnett.

Barnett allegedly held the group captive at gunpoint, threatening that his dog would attack or that he would shoot anyone who tried to leave.

During the encounter, Barnett kicked a plaintiff as she was lying, unarmed, on the ground, according to MALDEF.

“By filing this action, migrants are sending a strong message to those individuals that mistakenly believe they can violate migrant civil rights with impunity,” said MALDEF attorney Araceli Pérez. 


 

 

 

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